Upaya Menekan Perilaku Mematuk Bulu yang Memicu Perilaku Kanibalisme pada Peternakan Ayam

C. Hidayat

Abstract


Perilaku mematuk bulu umum ditemukan dalam sutu peternakan yang dipeliahara dengan sistem koloni. Perilaku ini menurunkan efisiensi produksi serta menjadi masalah serius bagi kesejahteraan hewan (Animal welfare). Perilaku mematuk bulu juga dapat memicu terjadinya kanibalisme yang menyebabkan kematian bagi ternak ayam yang menjadi korban. Makalah ini ditulis dengan tujuan mengkaji penyebab terjadinya perilaku mematuk bulu pada peternakan ayam, serta mencari bagaimana upaya yang dapat dilakukan untuk menekan/menghilangkan terjadinya perilaku mematuk bulu pada peternakan ayam yang dipelihara secara sistem koloni. Metode penulisan makalah dilakukan dengan beberapa tahapan. Tahap  persiapan, dilakukan dengan mengumpulkan dan membaca jurnal, makalah prosiding, buku yang diperoleh dari hasil dari pencarian  pada internet. Tahap  penyusunan outline makalah yang akan ditulis. Tahap pengembangan kerangka makalah dengan menggunakan literatur ilmiah, yang diperoleh. Tahap pemeriksaan terhadap isi makalah yang sudah ditulis. Berdasarkan studi pustaka yang dilakukan disimpulkan bahwa berdasarkan faktor penyebabnya, perilaku mematuk bulu disebabkan oleh faktor internal (genetik) dan eksternal (pakan dan lingkungan). Beberapa upaya yang dapat dilakukan untuk mencegah munculnya perilaku mematuk bulu dalam suatu peternakan ayam adalah melalui upaya perbaikan genetik, pemotongan paruh, melalui pendekatan manajemen pakan, serta melaui pendekatan manajemen perkandangan dan lingkungan.


Keywords


kanibalisme; perilaku mematuk bulu; peternakan ayam

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.25077/jpi.21.2.163-175.2019

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Jurnal Peternakan Indonesia (JPI) 

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